Thursday 20th of October 2016 11:17:14 PM

CSS Style Guide


This Style Guide explains the markup and design requirements for web projects,

Figure 5-24

Figure 5-24. Italic and oblique text in detail

Basically, italic text is in some way its own font, with small changes made to the structure of each letter to account for the altered appearance. This is especially true of serif fonts, where in addition to the fact that the text characters "lean," the serifs may be altered in an italic face. Oblique text, on the other hand, is simply a slanted version of the normal, upright text. Font faces with labels like Italic, Cursive, and along with various standards and best practices.

projects authored in valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional and styled with valid Cascading Style Sheets will be described here. See the XHTML and CSS sections below for details. Additional sections of this Style Guide, coming soon, will provide information on writing for the web, naming and filing your documents, and other useful topics and guidelines.

XHTML: Guidelines & Benefits

Library projects must be authored in structural XHTML 1.0 Transitional. Page authors should follow accessibility guidelines in compliance with U.S. Law, and so that our site’s content will be made available to the widest possible number of people, browsers, and Internet devices. In addition, all XHTML must validate.

XHTML Guidelines
The rules of XHTML as compared to HTML—an easy transition
What is XML?
A brief introduction to the foundation of XHTML
XHTML Benefits
Four key benefits of converting from HTML to XHTML
XHTML Authoring Tips & Tools
Simplifying the work process—includes tips on thinking structurally, and tools for hand-coders and Dreamweaver users
XHTML Accessibility Tips
Making sure your pages can be read by all visitors, browsers, and devices
XHTML Validation
Ensuring interoperability by avoiding errors and sticking to standards

CSS: Style Sheets & Tips

Library projects must use valid Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to control typography, color, and other layout elements. Style Sheets must be linked in a way that accommodates the capabilities of new and old browsers.

CSS Guidelines
Tips on authoring and linking to Style Sheets
Steal These Style Sheets!
Style Sheets for your use in Library projects
CSS Validation
Ensuring that your Style Sheets are error-free (same as XHTML validation)

A number of valid Style Sheets have been provided for your use. If you wish to create your own Style Sheets, please discuss your requirements with the Branch Library’s Web Coordinator.

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In Internet Explorer 4.x for Windows, inorder to get float to work with text elements, youneed to explicitly declare a width as well, likeso: width: 10em . To be honest,I'm not sure why this should permit floating where itwouldn't otherwise happen. It does make some sense, given theusual desire for declaring a width on floated textelements in any case, but the specification does notrequire that a width bedeclared in order to make a text element float successfully. Internet

6.2.4. Repeats with Direction (Revisited)

In theprevious section on repetition, we explored the valuesrepeat-x , repeat-y, andrepeat, and how they affect the tiling ofbackground images. In each case, however, the tiling pattern alwaysstarted from the top left corner of the containing element (e.g.,BODY). That isn't a requirement, of course;


In practice, only browsers released in early 1999 or later correctly handle auto, and not even all of them get it right. Those that do not handle auto margins correctly will behave in inconsistent ways, but the safest bet is to assume that they will set both margins to zero. The browsers that do get this right are Internet Explorer 4.5 and 5 for Macintosh, and Opera 3.6.

child of the OL, and the OL isthe grandchild of the BODY element. The firstEM is not matched because its grandparentOL is not the direct child of aDIV.

Even better, you can string more than one child selector together toprecisely target a given type of element. Take this, for example:

Figure 10-4

Figure 10-4. Selecting grandchildren only