Figure 8-61

Figure 8-61. Assigning the line-height property to inline elements

It's important to keep these sorts of things in mind whenyou're trying to do things like add borders to an inlineelement. Let's say you want to put 5-pixel borders around anyhyperlink:

A:link {border: 5px solid blue;}

If you don't set a large enough line-heightto accommodate the border, it will be in danger of overwriting otherlines, as shown in Figure 8-62.

Monday 22nd of January 2018 11:20:23 AM

CSS Style Guide

 

This Style Guide explains the markup and design requirements for web projects, along with various standards and best practices.

projects authored in valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional and styled with valid Cascading Style Sheets will be described here. See the XHTML and CSS sections below for details. Additional sections of this Style Guide, coming soon, will provide information on writing for the web, naming and filing your documents, and other useful topics and guidelines.

XHTML: Guidelines & Benefits

Library projects must be authored in structural XHTML 1.0 Transitional. Page authors should follow accessibility guidelines in compliance with U.S. Law, and so that our site’s content will be made available to the widest possible number of people, browsers, and Internet devices. In addition, all XHTML must validate.

XHTML Guidelines
The rules of XHTML as compared to HTML—an easy transition
What is XML?
A brief introduction to the foundation of XHTML
XHTML Benefits
Four key benefits of converting from HTML to XHTML
XHTML Authoring Tips & Tools
Simplifying the work process—includes tips on thinking structurally, and tools for hand-coders and Dreamweaver users
XHTML Accessibility Tips
Making sure your pages can be read by all visitors, browsers, and devices
XHTML Validation
Ensuring interoperability by avoiding errors and sticking to standards

CSS: Style Sheets & Tips

Library projects must use valid Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to control typography, color, and other layout elements. Style Sheets must be linked in a way that accommodates the capabilities of new and old browsers.

CSS Guidelines
Tips on authoring and linking to Style Sheets
Steal These Style Sheets!
Style Sheets for your use in Library projects
CSS Validation
Ensuring that your Style Sheets are error-free (same as XHTML validation)

A number of valid Style Sheets have been provided for your use. If you wish to create your own Style Sheets, please discuss your requirements with the Branch Library’s Web Coordinator.

link popularity

11.2.9. Drop Caps With and Without :first-letter

Drop caps are avery common, and much-requested, typographical effect. A typical dropcap looks like the illustration in Figure 11-22.

Figure 11-22

Figure 11-22. A drop cap

There's an easy way to do this, and that is of course to usepadding on a single side of the box, without affecting the other sides.

padding-top, padding-right, padding-bottom, padding-left

Values

<length> | <percentage>